During the the Sermon on the Mount, while expounding on anger, adultery, oaths, and retaliation, Jesus repeatedly emphasized the importance of intention over action. It is not the act of adultery that makes us adulterers, but the desire. It is not the voicing of our hatred that is the sin, but the hatred itself.
The moral character behind our decisions, that inner seed of the actions which are regulated by Law, was at the core of Jesus’s teachings.
For this reason, AUR honors Garden Thursday — the day on which Jesus accepted the necessity of the painful events to follow — as the highest of Holy Days. It is at Gethsemane that the teachings of Jesus and the story of Jesus come together: during the Prayer in the Garden, by saying “Thy will be done” in the face of imminent suffering, Jesus made the commitment of moral character he had preached about in the Sermon on the Mount.
It was this decision in the Garden of Gethsemane that marks the taking of the fruit of the Tree of Life, countering and remedying the imbalance created by taking of the fruit of the Tree of Knowledge in the Garden of Eden. As that Knowledge brought responsibility to the First Adam, requiring punitive Law to regulate human actions, the moral teaching of the Second Adam, as Jesus has been called, transcends and fulfills the Law with the virtue of character.
Law, married to Wisdom, becomes whole. The Lion lies down with the Lamb.
The arrest of Jesus, his trial, and the crucifixion that followed were, like the material events consequent of any decision, secondary to the spiritual and moral event that took place inside the soul of Jesus when he said to God, “nevertheless, Thy will be done.”
This fulfilment of Christ’s own teachings was the true pinnacle of his ministry.
[The stained glass above is at First Reformed United Church of Christ of Burlingon, North Carolina.]